Building details – naming of parts

Today I spent half an hour – before hypothermia set in – photographing all the decorative bits I could see on any non-ecclesiastical building. These are not the best or the most beautiful examples, but they are ones that I see every day.

And now I’m going to learn what they’re called.

GABLES – some bordering on Dutch or Flemish gables with their curves, and another with a memory of a stepped gable:

and some with finials:

PEDIMENTS

Triangular pediments:

Segmental pediments:

Triangular and segmental pediments side by side:

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Broken segmental pediment:

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Open pediments:

Swan-necked pediment:

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And a nice one with shell decoration:

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DOORWAYS

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From the bottom to the top:  bases, fluted column shafts, capitals, architrave (i.e. lintel), frieze with triglyphs and carved metopes, horizontal cornice, then a segmental pediment I suppose. Or perhaps just an arch or canopy, since it doesn’t contain anything.

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From the bottom: bases, plain column shafts, capitals with echinus (where the top of the column curves out) and abacus (the square at the very top of the column), then the architrave, plain frieze, plain tympanum, raking cornice – all of which forms the entablature.

STRING COURSES

PILASTERS and a corbel supporting a colonnette:

QUOINS

KEYSTONES

Dropped keystones:

Blocked keystones:

CAPITALS, AKROTERIA AND MOULDINGS (Greek key/meander and egg & dart)

DIOCLETIAN WINDOW

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CO-OPERATIVE SYMBOL with scrolls, pilasters, Ionic capitals, entablature, shell . . . the works:

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and my current favourite – early 20th-century barely-there classicism:

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